Sort/hvid fotos af de ni forskere i Universal Design Hub netværket


Netværksmedlemmers bidrag til UD konferencen 2021

Universal Design Konferencen 2021 tidligere i juni var den femte i rækken af den internationale konference, der arrangeres af Aalto University, Institut for Arkitektur – Finland. I år blev konferencen afholdt digitalt, men har tidligere gæstet byerne Oslo, Lund, York og Dublin. Den internationale konference har til formål at belyse forskningsviden og praksis fra hele verden til fordel for fagfolk, der arbejder for det byggede miljø og transport samt andre interessede i Universal Design. I år deltog fem forskere Roberta Cassi, Masashi Kajita, Emil Ballegaard, Turid Borgestrand Øien og Anne Kathrine Frandsen fra Bevica Fondens tværfaglige netværk med oplæg omhandlende deres arbejde med Universal Design i interaktion med forskellige funktionsevner. Alle fire bidrag findes som følgende abstracts:

User-Environment Interaction: the Usability Model for Universal Design Assessment

Authors: Roberta Cassi, Masashi Kajita & Olga Popovic Larsen
Royal Danish Academy

“Universal Design (UD) aims to provide designed environments that allow users to fully participate in all kinds of activities. Especially, the design of Sport and Leisure buildings should support and encourage the participation of mobility and sensory impaired  people in any physical and social activity. Yet, the variety of physical and social users’ needs calls for different approaches to investigate, analyze and assess how the environment fulfills users’ needs and expectations.

This paper presents a new analytical model that: a) investigates how people with mobility, visual, and hearing impairments interact with specific architectural features; b) links the examined user-environment interaction with the user’ s personal assessment of the spatial experience.”

Læs hele deres abstract som PDF ved at klikke her.

Users’ Experience in Digital Architectural Design: Combining Qualitative Research Methods with a Generative Model

Authors: Emil Ballegaard, Masashi Kajita & Paul Nicholas
Royal Danish Academy, Institute af Architecture and Design

“This paper presents the development of a digital generative design tool for residential building that integrates qualitative data from potential users of buildings. The central aim is to understand and challenge the inherent biases in the design process of architecture for mobility impaired users, whose experiences might be difficult to understand for designers who often move around and use buildings without any difficulty.

Although Universal Design promotes designed environments that are more sensitized with the diverse difference of individuals, the most of design generating tools are based on empirically deducted human needs, objectifying the people or seeing them as useful in simply validating design ideas. There is a clear distance in between the real needs and wishes of wheelchair users and what architects imagine when designing.”

Læs hele deres abstract som PDF ved at klikke her.

Universal Design and Low-Vision Rehabilitation: The Case for a Holistic Lightning Assessment

Author: Author: Turid Borgestrand Øien

“Among various approaches to handling friction between (dis)abilities and the built environment, universal design (UD) has emerged as an interdisciplinary field for research and practice. However, while the literature denotes UD as a design concept, practice, and strategy for rehabilitation, its true impact is still largely unknown.

To explore the rehabilitative potential of UD and determine how to evaluate its impact, this paper seeks to turn the tables. It investigates a case regarding low-vision rehabilitation, in which a group of consultants developed a holistic lighting assessment (HLA) that embraced the social and the physical contexts of the visually impaired. The lighting assessment was performed using participant observations from 15 consultations, document analysis, and interviews with the low-vision consultants. Based on an actor-network theory (ANT) approach, the analysis reveals the contextual knowledge of participants, environments, and the interaction between them.”

Læs hele hendes abstract som PDF ved at klikke her.

Light and atmosphere in care homes
Understanding the visual and non-visual effects of lighting for care home environments

Authors: Nanet Mathiasen & Anne Kathrine Frandsen,
Aalborg University, Department of the Built Environment

“We are surrounded by light which makes us capable of seeing and sensing our world [1]. Through a delicate interplay between light, vision and surrounding surface materials, we see and experience our environment. Moreover, light also supports our well-being through lights stimulation of our circadian rhythm. Those are the two main effects of the interaction between light and the human eye.

Besides enabling us to see and supporting our well-being, light is also an important player in creating the atmosphere of a space. The experience of a space is not only constructed by walls but also by light [2]. Whereas we can describe the physical construction of spaces precisely, light is vaguer [3], and atmosphere created through light and space is even more complex and difficult to describe. An atmosphere is not a tangible object defined through its physical specifications, it is something that people experience through interaction with it. Described by the German philosopher Gernot Bohme as the co-presence of subject and object [4]. This knowledge leaves the question: How is it possible to design with such a vague phenomenon as light in order to create atmosphere and well-being for elderly people living in care homes?”

Læs hele deres abstract som PDF ved at klikke her.

Du kan læse alle papers fra konferencen på Universal Design Konferencens hjemmeside ved at klikke her.